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The Grove Infant and Nursery School

Achieving our potential in our creative learning community


Maths at The Grove

How we teach Maths and how children learn has changed since many of us were at school.  We focus on building conceptual understanding, and spending time on deepening fundamental knowledge and skills.  If children have excellent understanding of basic number knowledge then they can use this to reason and solve problems.


Number sense 

For example - what is '7'?

How can I make it? 7 + 0 , 6 + 1, 5 + 2, 4 + 3

Is 4 + 3 the same as 3 + 4? So, do I know what 7 - 3 is? Or 7 - 4? (You get the idea!)

Can I recall those number bonds easily?

So if I'm adding 5 to 7 I know that 5 + 5 = 10 and then I need to add 2 more

Or if I have to take 7 away from 24, I could visualise 20 - 4 - 3 which helps me get to the answer more quickly.

What is double seven?  What is the relationship between doubling and halving?  And if I know that 7 + 7 = 14 then I know what 7 + 6 or 7 + 8 is because I recognise them as near doubles.

This is what we call number sense, and if children develop a real fluency with small numbers and understand them,  they can use this knowledge to work with larger numbers very easily.


Concrete - Pictorial - Abstract

Childen need to manipulate concrete objects before they start calculating on paper.

After seeing a real example they are then encouraged to make a pictorial representation of it: this helps children visualise number and develop their mental capacity to do calculations.

Finally children will be encouraged to record calculations more formally as algorithms (sums).


A child will be challenged by problem solving activities, and this does not always include larger numbers, but rather activities that develop thinking skills.  We often ask children to 'prove it' - in other words explain how they got to an answer and why other answers would be wrong.  Explaining your thinking is key to deepening your understanding.


At The Grove we use Power Maths resources as a starting point for our Maths teaching and learning: this scheme of work is recognised nationally as one which supports 'intelligent practice' within a Mastery approach.  Children become familiar with a wide range of representations in order to build real understanding of each concept they learn.  Fluent manipulation of numbers at KS1 is key to supporting children as they move forward and come across more complex calculations.  Below you will find a key stage 1 Power Maths overview so you can see the learning we explore across the two years.  


In response to the challenges of some pupils missing learning due to Covid over the last few months we have adapted our Autumn provision in Key Stage 1.  In Year 1 we expanded on our typical transition and pupils are exploring power maths in small groups with a wide range of opportunities to embed key learning practically both inside and outside the classroom.  In Year 2 we are using White Rose planning resources and adapting these for our pupils needs which reflect the need to cover prior learning to ensure this is secure.

Below are a range of Key Stage 1 documents that reflect our teaching.



Maths curriculum evening 2019